With the miniaturization of electrical and mechanical devices and the further development of advanced micro-fabrication techniques, the technology of energy conversion systems has been extended from macro-scale devices to a nano- and micro-scale.
As an example, consider conventional energy conversion systems, such as heat engines, reactors, gas turbines, batteries and fuel cells, to name a few: they have recently been developed at the micro-scale.
From the main challenges in this field of research, DINAMICS focuses on developing an in-depth understanding of the multiphase/interfacial transport phenomena necessary to achieve the best efficiency with the maximum power density in energy conversion micro-systems. It refers to mass, momentum, energy, and entropy transfer across and along fluid/fluid and fluid/solid interfaces, as well as in interfacial kinetics in multiphase combustion systems. Our research has given way to the creation of a new laboratory called Interfacial plus Micro-Scale Transport Phenomena.